Build Your Own Social Media API

Project Description

The "Build Your Own Social Media API" project aims to develop a robust and feature-rich API that supports all essential functionalities of a modern social media platform. This API will enable users to create profiles, post messages, and interact with each other by following users, liking posts, and commenting on them. The API will serve as the backbone for a social media application, facilitating user engagement and content sharing.

Detailed Description

Social media platforms have become integral to connecting, sharing, and communicating. This project will build an API that supports user registration, profile management, content creation, and various interaction mechanisms. Here’s a detailed look at how users will interact with the app:

  1. User Registration and Authentication:

    • Sign Up: New users can create an account by providing a username, email, and password. A verification email will confirm the account.

    • Login: Registered users can log in using their email and password. Multi-factor authentication (MFA) will be supported for added security.

  2. Profile Management:

    • Create and Edit Profile: Users can create profiles with information such as bios, profile pictures, and personal details and edit these details at any time.

    • View Profiles: Users can view profiles of other users to learn more about them.

  3. Content Creation and Interaction:

    • Post Messages: Users can create posts with text, images, or videos. These posts will appear in their followers' feeds.

    • Like Posts: Users can like posts to show appreciation. The number of likes will be displayed on each post.

    • Comment on Posts: Users can comment on posts to engage in discussions. Other users can view and reply to comments.

  4. User Interaction:

    • Follow/Unfollow Users: Users can follow other users to see their posts in their feed, and they can also unfollow users at any time.

    • View Feed: Users can view a feed of posts from users they follow, with the latest posts appearing first.

    • Notifications: Users will receive notifications for interactions such as likes, comments, and new followers.

Real-World Example

Consider Alex, an avid social media user who loves sharing travel experiences. Alex signs up for an account using his email and a secure password. After logging in, he creates a profile by adding a bio and a profile picture.

Alex starts posting updates about his travels, sharing photos and stories from his latest trips. His followers can see these posts in their feeds, like them, and leave comments. Alex can reply to comments, creating engaging conversations.

He also follows other travel enthusiasts, allowing him to see their posts in his feed. Alex frequently likes and comments on their posts, fostering a sense of community.

Introduction

The "Build Your Own Social Media API" project aims to develop a comprehensive API supporting essential social media platform functionalities. Users can create profiles, post messages, and interact with each other through follows, likes, and comments.

Objectives

  • Allow users to sign up, log in, and manage their profiles.

  • Enable users to create, read, update, and delete posts.

  • Support interactions such as follows, likes, and comments.

  • Provide features for viewing a personalized feed and notifications.

Functional Requirements

User Management

  • Sign Up: Users can create an account by providing a username, email, and password.

  • Login: Users can log in using their email and password.

  • Profile Management: Users can create and update their profile information.

Post Management

  • Create Post: Users can create a new post with text, images, or videos.

  • Read Post: Users can view posts from other users.

  • Update Post: Users can edit their own posts.

  • Delete Post: Users can delete their own posts.

Interaction Management

  • Like Post: Users can like posts.

  • Comment on Post: Users can comment on posts.

  • Follow/Unfollow Users: Users can follow and unfollow other users.

Feed and Notifications

  • View Feed: Users can view a feed of posts from users they follow.

  • Notifications: Users receive notifications for likes, comments, and follows.

Non-Functional Requirements

  • Scalability: The API should handle a growing number of users and interactions.

  • Performance: The API should have a fast response time and handle concurrent requests efficiently.

  • Security: Implement authentication and authorization mechanisms to protect user data.

  • Reliability: The API should be highly available and handle failures gracefully.

  • Usability: The API should be easy to use and well-documented.

Use Cases

  • User Sign Up and Login: New users sign up and existing users log in.

  • Profile Management: Users create and update their profiles.

  • Create and Manage Posts: Users create, update, and delete their posts.

  • Interaction with Posts: Users like and comment on posts.

  • Follow/Unfollow Users: Users follow and unfollow other users.

  • View Feed: Users view their personalized feed.

  • Receive Notifications: Users receive notifications for interactions.

User Stories

  1. As a user, I want to sign up for an account so that I can share my posts.

  2. As a user, I want to log in to my account so that I can access my profile and posts.

  3. As a user, I want to create a new post so that I can share my updates.

  4. As a user, I want to edit my post so that I can update its content.

  5. As a user, I want to delete my post so that I can remove it from my profile.

  6. As a user, I want to like posts so that I can show my appreciation.

  7. As a user, I want to comment on posts so that I can engage in discussions.

  8. As a user, I want to follow other users so that I can see their posts in my feed.

  9. As a user, I want to view my feed so that I can see updates from users I follow.

  10. As a user, I want to receive notifications for interactions so that I stay informed.

Technical Requirements

  • Programming Language: Choose an appropriate backend language (e.g., Node.js, Python, Ruby).

  • Database: Use a database to store user, post, and interaction data (e.g., PostgreSQL, MongoDB).

  • Authentication: Implement JWT for secure user authentication.

  • API Documentation: Use Swagger or similar tools for API documentation.

API Endpoints

User Management

  • POST /signup: Register a new user.

  • POST /login: Authenticate a user.

  • GET /profile: Get user profile details.

  • PUT /profile: Update user profile.

Post Management

  • POST /posts: Create a new post.

  • GET /posts: Retrieve a list of posts.

  • GET /posts/{id}: Retrieve a single post by ID.

  • PUT /posts/{id}: Update a post by ID.

  • DELETE /posts/{id}: Delete a post by ID.

Interaction Management

  • POST /posts/{id}/like: Like a post.

  • POST /posts/{id}/comment: Comment on a post.

  • GET /posts/{id}/comments: Retrieve comments on a post.

  • POST /follow: Follow a user.

  • POST /unfollow: Unfollow a user.

Feed and Notifications

  • GET /feed: Retrieve the user's feed.

  • GET /notifications: Retrieve the user's notifications.

Security

  • Use HTTPS to encrypt data in transit.

  • Implement input validation and sanitization to prevent SQL injection and XSS attacks.

  • Use strong password hashing algorithms like bcrypt.

Performance

  • Implement caching strategies to improve response times.

  • Optimize database queries to handle large datasets efficiently.

  • Use load balancing to distribute traffic evenly across servers.

Documentation

  • Provide comprehensive API documentation using tools like Swagger.

  • Create user guides and developer documentation to assist with integration and usage.

Glossary

  • API: Application Programming Interface.

  • JWT: JSON Web Token.

  • CRUD: Create, Read, Update, Delete.

Appendix

  • Include any relevant diagrams, data models, and additional references.

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Tags

Easy

2 Tasks

Social Media

JavaScript

Node.js

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